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Tanzania Parks

TANZANIA NATIONAL PARKS
 
SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK
 
This vast National reserve is located in the North of the country, Serengeti is the oldest park and most popular National park in Tanzania. It is UNESCO world heritage site and Famous for its annual migration. The park spans 14,763km2 (5,700 sq m) of savanna grassland and riverine forest and woodlands. It borders Maasai mara , the south East of the park is Ngorongoro conservation area, western borders Ikorongo and Grumeti game reserve, North East is Loliondo and South west is Maswa game reserve and together they form the Serengeti Ecosystem. Attractions include the Big five (lion,leopard,elephant,rhino and buffalo), various species of plain game and an impressive 500 bird species.
 
 
 
LAKE MANYARA
 
The lake spans a total of 530 km2. Which 330 km2  is land and forest while 200km2  is the soda-lake. Lake Manyara is famous for the flamingoes that inhabit the lake, an Ornithological paradise as it supports more than 400 species of birds. Tree climbing Lions, Leopards, blue Monkeys, giraffe and many other plain game can be found here.
 
 
TARANGIRE NATIONAL PARK
 
Tarangire National park is the sixth largest park in Tanzania, it spans an area of 2,850 km2  ( 1,100sq m). The name originates from the river that crosses through the park being the only source of water for wildlife. During the dry season migration of animals in the thousands from Lake Manyara to Tarangire takes place. Vegetation is mixed, baobab trees, dense bush and high grass. Attractions include, large herds of Elephants, baobab trees, Tree climbing lions and other plain game. Tarangire is also home to over 550 species of birds.
 
 
 
NGORONGORO CONSERVATION AREA
 
Ngorongoro conservation area spans at an expanse of 809,440ha of savanna, woodlands, highland plains and forest. It includes the Ngorongoro crater the world largest unbroken caldera, Diameter of 16-19 km, crater floor 28,400 ha and a rim of 400- 610m above the crater floor. The conservation is a world heritage site located in the North west of Tanzania, Attractions include the olduvai gorge (a 14 km long deep ravine), stunning landscapes, concentration of wildebeests (over 1 million),25,000 large animals, 500 species of birds and plain game.
 
 
 
MOUNT KILIMANJARO
 
This is the highest Mountain in Africa  ( 5,895 m)- (19,341 feet ), and the highest free standing mountain in the world. It has three volcanic cones Kibo, Mawezi and Shira. Mawezi and Shira are extinct but Kibo is dormant and could erupt again, the most recent activity was about 200years ago and the last major eruption was 360,000 years ago. The Mountain supports a wide variety of ecological systems, heath, moorland, alpine desert, rainforest and artic summit. The Mountain snow caps are diminishing having lost more than 80 percent of their mass since 1912, According to scientists it may be free of ice within the next 20 years.
 
 
 
MOUNT MERU
 
This is the tenth highest mountain in Africa, second highest in Tanzania, standing at 4,565 m ( 14, 977 ft ). It is visible from Mount Kilimanjaro on a clear day, its fertile slopes rise above the surrounding savannah and supports a forest that hosts diverse wildlife including 400 species of birds, monkeys, buffalo  and Leopards. It is a great Mountain to climb as it offers great scenery. 3-4 day trekking is often used as a practice run to summit Kilimanjaro, a ranger/guide is mandatory on every trek because of the number of buffalo.
 
 
SELOUS GAME RESERVE
The Selous Game Reserve is a UNESCO world heritage ecosystem (7,400,000 ha) and includes Mikumi National Park and Kilombero Game Controlled Area. A large area of the reserve is drained by the Rufiji River and tributaries that include the Luwegu, Kilombero, Great Ruaha, Luhombero and Mbarangardu. The Rufiji is formed by the Luwegu and Kilombero which join at Shughuli Falls. 
The Selous Game Reserve, covering 50,000 square kilometres, is amongst the largest protected areas in Africa and is relatively undisturbed by human impact. The property harbours one of the most significant concentrations of elephant, black rhinoceros, cheetah, giraffe, hippopotamus and crocodile, amongst many other species. The reserve also has an exceptionally high variety of habitats including Miombo woodlands, open grasslands, riverine forests and swamps, making it a valuable laboratory for on-going ecological and biological processes.
 

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